This is another major subspecialty in the field of neurosurgery. It deals with management of brain tumors both cancerous and non-cancerous. Surgery forms the mainstay in the treatment of brain tumors with radiotherapy second and chemotherapy a distant third.
The tumors of brain can be classified as cancerous and non-cancerous. Non-cancerous tumors are benign and surgery is the only treatment modality. With good medications to manage the brain edema and advances in neuroanesthesia, the tumors can be removed completely, giving a total cure for the patient. Technology has played a very vital role in the surgical treatment of these tumors.
The following are the factors resulting in total removal of these tumors resulting in complete cure.
Once the benign tumor is removed, patients can be put on regular follow up to see for any tumor recurrence and further treatment.
Cancerous tumors can be primary arising from the brain itself and secondary due to spread from cancer elsewhere in the body. Primary cancers in the brain are called Gliomas. There are 4 grades of cancer, grade 4 is the most malignant and grade 1 least malignant. Surgery again is the mainstay with radiotherapy being offered as adjuvant therapy for the higher grade cancers. Chemotherapy is not effective since the drugs cannot penetrate the blood brain barrier. All the developments discussed in the previous section help in better surgical clearance and better survival.
Each day is a bonus. It is neither a right nor a natural consequence, unless the all powerful Almighty decides so. Things can go totally haywire in a matter of seconds
MARTIN JOHNSONRead More
I am a software engineer based in Hyderabad. I hail from Kerala. I had a cervical disc prolapsed and was advised to undergo surgery at Hyderabad